Telephone History – How can one invention transform the business world for good? (Part 1)
Once upon a time, you never used to be able to call your supplier and speak to someone!
History of the Telephone
Did you know that there is an awful lot of debate about who invented the telephone? It seems that Alexander Graham Bell is credited with the creation however many argue that somebody else actually got there first! His name was Antonio Meucci who in December of 1871 took out a caveat, an official document mentioning that it was his intention to actually take out a patent on the new invention which would ensure that nobody else would steal his idea for themselves, however, in 1874 Meucci failed to renew his caveat for the idea of the telephone. So who really was it? Antonio Meucci or Alexander Graham Bell?
The 7th March 1876 marks an important day for the telephone revolution. This is the day that Scottish man Alexander Graham Bell was actually granted the patent for the telephone. So legally, this day onwards it was his idea despite the caveat of Antonio Meucci. The first experimental edition of the phone was made in Bostin, USA which was basically turning electricity into sound. He had come up with a very simple receive to do this and following the patent he received it very quickly became similiar to what we know today.
This is the year after that the telephone was first introduced to the British Government and was present to Queen Victoria in January of 1878. Apparently, the meeting which took place at Osborne House wen really well. The queen purchased 2 telephones which are still there at Osborne House with the wires etc. in tack.
1891 marks the call for the future of cross border telephony in Europe. In January of this year a telephone line was put in between London and Paris marking the birth of overseas phone calls. A cable was built that went underneath the English Channel linking up England and France. It is know that this was the very first sub-sea cable linking two countries together. The cable technology was that basic at the time that only 2 simultaneous calls could take place at any one time unlike the infinite number that could happen today using VoIP technology.
We all take for granted now that as soon as we dial a number we are automatically routed and connected, however, that wasn’t always the case. Believe it or not but every early phone call that was made had to be put through to telephone operators who then plugged in the correct cable to reach your destination phone. Many people across the UK worked as telephone operators who job it was to connect calls. 1912 marks the opening of the first automatic telephone exchange. This meant that people in Britain could phone each other without the need to go through an operator.
To be continued….